Outbreak and spread of coronavirus

A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new strain of coronavirus. The disease caused by the novel coronavirus first identified in Wuhan, China, has been named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) – 'CO' stands for corona, 'VI' for virus, and 'D' for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as '2019 novel coronavirus' or '2019-nCoV.' The COVID-19 virus is a new virus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and some types of common cold.

How does the COVID-19 virus spread?

The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person (generated through coughing and sneezing), and touching surfaces contaminated with the virus. The COVID-19 virus may survive on surfaces for several hours, but simple disinfectants can kill it.

Ten ways to reduce your risk of coronavirus

1. Wash hands often with soap and running water, for at least 20 seconds. Dry with paper towel or hand dryer.

2. Try not to touch your eyes, nose or mouth

3. Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. If you don't have a tissue cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow.

4. Isolate yourself at home if you feel sick. If you take medication ensure you have adequate supplies.

5. Phone your GP first if you need medical attention. They will tell you what to do.

6. Continue health habits: execerise, drink water, get plenty of sleep, and now is the time to quit smoking..

7.Don't wear face mask if you are well.

8. Buy an alcohol-based hand sanitiser with over 60 percent alcohol.

9. Get the flu shot

10. Shaking hands is optional!