5% Dextrose

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5% DEXTROSE

Intravenous Infusions are large volume sterile solutions of electrolytse and/or nutrients administered intravenously to meet normal fluid and electrolyte requirements or replenish substantial or continuing losses when the patient is vomitiong or nauseated and is unable to take adequate amounts by mouth.

In an individual patient, the nature and severity of the alaectrolyte imbalance must be assessed from the following.

  • The history of the patient
  • Clinical signs and symptoms
  • Biochemical examinations

Properties and therapeutic effects.

This solution is used for dehydrations i.e. in cases of water deficit. The dextrose enables water to be taken into the cells, whichsuffer most of the hydration. It also provides some amount of calories. Being an isotonic solution, it can be administered by the intra-muscular as well as the intravenous or subcutaneous route and also in rectal drip infusion.

Contraindications:- Diabetes mellitus

Other dextrose preparations produced by IIL include 2.5% Dextrose, 10% Dextrose and 50% Dextrose. 50% Dextrose is particulaly indicated in severe hypoglycaemic conditions. 10% Dextrose is desired when a relatively high amount of calorise is to be provided in addition to water.

2.5% is used in cases of dehydration. It provides lesser amount of calorise than 5% Dextrose.

Composition:

  • Cal/litre
  • Dextrose 200